Did You Know? The largest desert in the world is the Antarctic Desert, which covers an area of about 5.5 million square miles. Despite its name, the Antarctic Desert is actually located in the southern hemisphere and surrounds the South Pole. It is a frozen desert with very low temperatures and little precipitation, and is home to a variety of unique wildlife, including penguins, seals, and whales. The desert is also home to research stations where scientists study the effects of climate change and other environmental phenomena.